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Machinery safety standards

This page lists the main machinery safety standards. Although British Standard references are used (eg BS EN ISO 12100), ‘EN’ signifies a European standard and, where appropriate, ‘ISO’ indicates that the standard is international as well. All machine guards designed and manufactured or assembled by Procter Machine Safety comply with relevant standards. For customers outside the European Union we can design and manufacture guards that comply with other national standards as appropriate.

A-type standards

A-type standards these specify basic concepts, terminology and design principles applicable to all categories of machinery.

BS EN ISO 12100:2010 Safety of machinery. General principles for design. Risk assessment and risk reduction

B-type standards

B-type standards deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or specific types of safeguard that can be used across a wide range of categories of machinery (NB this list is not exhaustive).

BS EN 349:1993 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
BS EN 547-1:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human body measurements.  Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
BS EN 547-2:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery. Human body measuresments. Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings
BS EN ISO 13849-1:2015 Safety of machinery.  Safety-related parts of control systems. General principles of design
BS EN ISO 13849-2:2012 Safety of machinery.  Safety-related parts of control systems. Validation
BS EN ISO 13857:2008 Safety of machinery.  Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
BS EN ISO 14120:2015 Safety of machinery.  Permanent means of access to machinery. Working platforms and walkways
BS EN ISO 14122-3:2016 Safety of machinery.  Permanent means of access to machinery. Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails
BS EN ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery.  Permanent means of access to machinery. Fixed ladders
BS EN 547-3:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human body measurements. Anthropometric data
BS EN 574:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Two-hand control devices. Functional aspects. Principles for design
BS EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomic design principles. Terminology and general principles
BS EN 614-2:2000+A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomic design principles. Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks
BS EN 842:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Visual danger signals. General requirements, design and testing
BS EN 894-1:1997 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators.  General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators
BS EN 894-2:1997 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators.  Displays
BS EN 894-3:2000 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators.  Control actuators
BS EN 894-4:2010 Safety of machinery.  Ergonomics requirements for design of displays and control actuators.  Location and arrangement of displays and control actuators
BS EN 981:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  System of auditory and visual danger and information signals
BS EN 1005-1:2001 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human physical performance.  Terms and definitions
BS EN 1005-2:2003 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human physical performance.  Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery
BS EN 1005-3:2002 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human physical performance.  Recommended force limits for machinery operation
BS EN 1005-4:2005 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Human physical performance.  Evaluation of working postures and movements in relation of machinery
BS EN 1037:1995 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Prevention of unexpected start-up
BS EN 1672-2:2005 +A1:2009 Food processing machinery. Basic concepts. Hygiene requirements
BS EN 1837:1999 +A1:2009 Safety of machinery.  Integral lighting of machines
BS EN ISO 3744:2010 Acoustics.  Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure. Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane
BS EN ISO 4413:2010 Hydraulic fluid power.  General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
BS EN ISO 4414:2010 Pneumatic fluid power.  General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
BS EN ISO 4871:2009 Acoustic.  Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment
BS EN ISO 7731:2008 Ergonomics.  Danger signals for public and work areas.  Auditory danger signals
BS EN ISO 9614-1:2009 Acoustic.  Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity.  Measurement at discrete points
BS EN ISO 9614-3:2009 Acoustic.  Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity.  Precision method for measurement by scanning
BS EN ISO 1161:2007/A1:2010 Safety of machinery. Integrated manufacturing systems. Basic requirements
BS EN ISO 11200:2014 Acoustics. Noise emitted by machinery and equipment. Guidelines for the use of basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified position
BS EN ISO 11201:2010 Acoustics. Noise emitted by machinery and equipment. Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections
BS EN ISO 11202:2010 Acoustic.  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment.  Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental corrections
BS EN ISO 11203:2009 Acoustics. Noise emitted by machinery and equipment. Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions from the sound power level
BS EN ISO 11204:2010 Acoustic.  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment.  Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental corrections
BS EN iso 11205:2009 Acoustics. Noise emitted by machinery and equipment. Engineering method for the determination of emission sound pressure levels in situ at the work station and at other specified positions using sound intensity
BS EN ISO 11688-1:2009 Acoustic.  Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment.  Planning
BS EN 12198-1:2000 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery. Assessment and reduction of risks arising from radiation emitted by machinery. General principles
BS EN 12198-2:2002 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery. Assessment and reduction of risks arising from radiation emitted by machinery. Radiation emission measurement procedure
BS EN 12198-3:2002 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery. Assessment and reductio of risks arising from radiation emitted by machinery. Reduction of radiation by attenuation or screening
BS EN ISO 13732-1:2008 Ergonomics of the thermal environment.  Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces.  Hot surfaces
EN ISO 13732-3:2008 Ergonomics of the thermal environment.  Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces.  Cold surfaces
BS EN ISO  13850:20015 Safety of machinery.  Emergency stop.  Principles for design
BS EN ISO 13855:2010 Safety of machinery.  Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body
BS EN ISO 13856-1:2013 Safety of machinery.  Pressure-sensitive protective devices.  General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors
BS EN ISO 13856-2:2013 Safety of machinery.  Pressure-sensitive protective devices.  General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars
BS EN ISO 13856-3:2013 Safety of machinery.  Pressure-sensitive protective devices.  General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices
BS EN ISO 14119:2013 Safety of machinery.  Interlocking devices associated with guards.  Principles for design and selection
BS EN ISO 14123-1:2015 Safety of machinery.  Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery. Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers
BS EN ISO 14123-2:2015 Safety of machinery.  Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery. Methodology leading to verification procedures
BS EN ISO 14122-1:2016 Safety of machinery.  Permanent means of access to machinery.  Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access
BS EN ISO 14159:2008 Safety of machinery. Hygiene requirements for the design of machinery
BS EN ISO 14738:2008 Safety of machinery.  Anthropometric requirements for the design of workstations at machinery.  Anthropometric requirements for the design of workstations at machinery
BS EN 60204-1:2006+A1:2009 Safety of machinery.  Electrical equipment of machines.  General requirements
BS EN 61310-1:2008 Safety of machinery. Indication, marking and actuation. Requirements for visual, auditory and tactile signals
BS EN 61310-2:2008 Safety of machinery. Indication, marking and actuation. Requirements for marking
BS EN 61310-3:2008 Safety of machinery. Indication, marking and actuation. Requirements for the location and operation of actuators
BS EN 61496-1:2013 Safety of machinery.  Electro-sensitive protective equipment.  General requirements and tests
BS EN 62061:2005 +A2:2015 Safety of machinery.  Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems

C-type standards

C-type standards deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or specific types of safeguard that can be used across a wide range of categories of machinery (NB the following list is not exhaustive).

BS EN 415-1:2014 Safety of packaging machines. Terminology and classification of packaging machines and associated equipment
BS EN 415-3:1999 +A1:2009 Safety of packaging machines. Form, fill and seal machines
BS EN 415-5:2006 +A1:2009 Safety of packaging machines. Wrapping machines
BS EN 415-6:2013 Safety of packaging machines. Pallet wrapping machines
BS EN 415-7:2006 +A1:2008 Safety of packaging machines Group and secondary packaging machines
BS EN 415-8:2008 Safety of packaging machines. Strapping machines
BS EN 415-10:2014 Safety of packaging machines. General Requirements
BS EN 618:2002 +A1:2010 Continuous handling equipment and systems.  Safety and EMC requirements for equipment for mechanical handling of bulk materials except fixed belt conveyors.
BS EN 619:2002+A1:2010 Continuous handling equipment and systems.  Safety and EMC requirements for equipment for mechanical handling of unit loads.
BS EN 620:2002 +A1:2010 Continuous handling equipment and systems.  Safety and EMC requirements for fixed belt conveyors for bulk materials
BS EN 692:2005 +A1:2009 Machine tools. Mechanical presses Safety
BS EN 693:2001 +A2:2011 Machine tools. Safety. Hydraulic presses
BS EN 1010-1:2004 +A1:2010 Safety of machinery. Safety requirements for the design and construction of printing and paper converting machines. Common requirements
BS EN 1034-1:2000 +A1:2010 Safety of machinery.  Safety requirements for the design and construction of paper-making and finishing machines.  Common requirements
BS EN ISO 10218-1:2011 Robots and robotic devices.  Safety requirements for industrial robots.  Robots
BS EN ISO 10218-2:2011 Robots and robotic devices.  Safety requirements for industrial robots.  Robots systems and integration
BS EN ISO 11553-1:2008 Safety of machinery.  Laser processing machines.  General safety requirements
BS EN 12417:2001 +A2:2009 Machine tools.  Safety.  Machining centres
BS EN 12622:2009 +A1:2013 Safety of machine tools. Hydraulic press brakes
BS EN 12717:2001 +A1:2009 Safety of machine tools.  Drilling machines
BS EN 13128:2001 +A2:2009 Safety of machine tools.  Milling machines
BS EN 13736:2003 +A1:2009 Safety of machine tools Pneumatic presses
BS EN 13898:2003 +A1:2009 Machine tools. Safety. Sawing machines for cold metal
BS EN 14070:2003 +A1:2009 Safety of machine tools – Transfer and special-purpose machines
BS EN ISO 16089:2015 Machine tools. Safety. Stationary grinding machines
BS EN ISO 23125:2015 Machine tooLs. Safety. Turning machines

Other types of machinery, from cranes to sewing machines, also have their own requirements. A full list of standards harmonised to the Machinery Directive is available on the European Commission’s website (see ‘Useful Resources’ in On Your Guard, the Designer’s Guide to Machinery Guarding Standards)